Rare footage from Crimea, 1988.

Shot by British tourists from the town of Shrewsbury in Shropshire.

Transferred from film Agfa Moviechrome 40 Super 8.

© MyCentury.tv

Published in Red Square

18th May 2014 marked the 70th anniversary of the deportation of the entire nation of the Crimean Tatars. On this day in 1944, on Stalin's orders, they were forced to leave their homes by the Black Sea and were dumped onto the steppes of Central Asia and other places far from home. 

As the USSR was collapsing, the Tatars started returning to Crimea, longing for their ancestral land. The authorities did not allow them to settle down properly and the Tatars set up camps across the peninsula. The Ukrainian photographer Oleksandr Klymenko had the rare opportunity to capture their first steps back home.

001 Tatars 1989
002 Tatars 1989
003 Tatars 1987
004 Tatars 1987
005 Tatars 1987
006 Tatars 1987
007 Tatars 1987
008 Tatars 1987
009 Tatars 1989
010 Tatars 1989
011 Tatars 1989
012 Tatars 1989
013 Tatars 1989
014 Tatars 1989
015 Tatars 1989
016 Tatars 1989
017 Tatars 1989
018 Tatars 1989
019 Tatars 1989
020 Tatars 1992
021 Tatars 1992
022 Tatars 1992
023 Tatars 1992
024 Tatars 1992
025 Tatars 1992
026 Tatars 1992
027 Tatars 1992
028 Tatars 1992
029 Tatars 1993
030 Tatars 1992
031 Tatars 1993
032 Tatars 1993
033 Tatars 1993
034 Tatars 1994
035 Tatars 1989
036 Tatars 1992
037 Tatars 1989
038 Tatars 1989
039 Tatars 2004
040 Tatars 2004

Photography: © Oleksandr Klymenko

Soon after the introduction of martial law in Poland in December 1981 the new military leader General Jaruzelski received a warm welcome in Sofia from Bulgaria's leader Todor Zhivkov and his entourage.

Chairing a military council after the takeover, and consolidating all powers of Communist Poland, Wojciech Jaruzelski intended to crush the Solidarity trade union. For ordinary Eastern Europeans military rule in Poland was presented as a necessary measure to 'protect Socialism' across the block.

With permanently damaged eyesight from his time in the Siberian Gulag (1940-42), Jaruzelski was forced to wear sunglasses most of the time, and they became his trademark.

Alongside Mikhail Gorbachev and East Germany's Egon Krenz, Wojciech Jaruzelski was the last surviving leader of a Warsaw Pact Communist state. He died on 25 May 2014 in Warsaw.

 Are you in this film? Do you remember that visit?

What's your memory of Poland's martial law?

We'd love to hear from you.

 

Скоро след въвеждането на военно положение в Полша през декември 1981 новият ръководител генерал Войчех Ярузелски пристига в София.

Поемайки изцяло контрол над Полша целта на Ярузелски е да унищожи независимия профсъюз Солидарност, изпраща в затвора лидера му Лех Валенса. Властите в Източна Европа представят военното положение в Полша като 'наложителна мярка за защита на социализма'.

Поради увреденото си в сибирския Гулаг зрение (1940-42) Ярузелски е принуден почти постоянно да носи слънчеви очила, които стават негова запазена марка.

Заедно с Михаил Горбачов и Егон Кренц, Войчех Ярузелски беше един от тримата останали живи бивши ръководители на комунистическа страна от Варшавския договор.Той почина на 25 май 2014 във Варшава.

Бяхте ли там през 1982? Спомня ли си някои от семейството Ви това посещение?

Какво знаете за военното положение в Полша 1981-1989?

Ще се радваме, ако споделите тези спомени.

Published in Bulgaria
Anthony Georgieff: In 1988 I was asked by a Bulgarian magazine to accompany one of their reporters into Sofia Central Prison. The reporter had to write 'openly' about prisoners' life, in keeping with the policies of Glasnost and Perestroyka. There was neither Glasnost, nor Perestroyka behind the walls of Bulgaria's biggest prison. I was told where to point my camera and what to shoot. However, I had a small Olympus XA4 with me, hardly a thing a prison guard would notice. So in-between the 'approved' shots, I used that to shoot 'from the hip'. Until I left prison I was scared that if they discovered what I was doing I would never be able to see the street again.

Both the 'approved' and the Olympus shots are included here.

Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison
Sofia prison

Photography: © Anthony Georgieff

Published in Photo Gallery Bulgaria

Kelvedon Hatch, just outside London, was one of Britain's top secrets during the Cold War. Built in the 1950s into the hillside, this colossal underground bunker was to house more than 600 people and to keep them going for up to 3 months – had Britain come under a nuclear attack from Moscow.

The Royal Air Force was to control from here its response to a nuclear attack. It was also to become the Headquarters of an emergency Central British Government, including the Prime Minister's office.

Geiger radiation counters
Communications Room
Home Office Radio Room
Emergency communications
Emergency radio studio for the Prime Minister of the day
Triangulation, Map Room
Map Room
Room for the Prime Minister of the day
Commissioner's room
Sick bay for routine operations
Government departments
Information on how to survive
Government communications room

© Velislav Radev

Juris Podnieks was a Latvian film director. He graduated from the Moscow VGIK film school in 1975 and worked at the Riga Film Studio.

Over 3 years Podnieks filmed his documentary 'Hello, do you hear us?' as the Soviet Union was collapsing. It showed civil unrest in Uzbekistan, survivors of the earthquake in Armenia, striking workers in Yaroslavl, former residents returning to Chernobyl.

Juris Podnieks, 1990, 51 minutes

More on Juris Podnieks (1950 - 1992)

Published in Red Square