Rare footage from Crimea, 1988.

Shot by British tourists from the town of Shrewsbury in Shropshire.

Transferred from film Agfa Moviechrome 40 Super 8.

© MyCentury.tv

Published in Red Square

Russian émigré officers and their families at leisure - Serbia 1922.

 

Wars are less about destructive hardware or other imaginative ways of extermination – they're all about destroying the fabric of society and family ties. The Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's Civil War literally cast overboard several generations of educated people, and those who made it to safer havens were considered lucky to survive.

While Dr Zhivago's characters were fictitious, the real victims were millions – there were to be found on Turkish islands, on the pavements of the Balkan cities, in the libraries of Prague and European universities, most of them cherishing their dreams of reaching France, yet slowly dissolving into the societies of their new host countries. Hundreds of thousands of Russian émigrés settled down in 1919-1920 in Serbia and Bulgaria. In late 1921, in a few days only, 9330 Russian émigrés disembarked from 4 ships in the Bulgarian ports of Varna and Burgas.

Moscow's new rulers ruthlessly obliterated even the memories of their own educated exiles, shunning any reference of them that differed from the 'class enemy'. Few visual memories of the 'White Russians' have survived, mainly outside Russia and Ukraine.

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18th May 2014 marked the 70th anniversary of the deportation of the entire nation of the Crimean Tatars. On this day in 1944, on Stalin's orders, they were forced to leave their homes by the Black Sea and were dumped onto the steppes of Central Asia and other places far from home. 

As the USSR was collapsing, the Tatars started returning to Crimea, longing for their ancestral land. The authorities did not allow them to settle down properly and the Tatars set up camps across the peninsula. The Ukrainian photographer Oleksandr Klymenko had the rare opportunity to capture their first steps back home.

001 Tatars 1989
002 Tatars 1989
003 Tatars 1987
004 Tatars 1987
005 Tatars 1987
006 Tatars 1987
007 Tatars 1987
008 Tatars 1987
009 Tatars 1989
010 Tatars 1989
011 Tatars 1989
012 Tatars 1989
013 Tatars 1989
014 Tatars 1989
015 Tatars 1989
016 Tatars 1989
017 Tatars 1989
018 Tatars 1989
019 Tatars 1989
020 Tatars 1992
021 Tatars 1992
022 Tatars 1992
023 Tatars 1992
024 Tatars 1992
025 Tatars 1992
026 Tatars 1992
027 Tatars 1992
028 Tatars 1992
029 Tatars 1993
030 Tatars 1992
031 Tatars 1993
032 Tatars 1993
033 Tatars 1993
034 Tatars 1994
035 Tatars 1989
036 Tatars 1992
037 Tatars 1989
038 Tatars 1989
039 Tatars 2004
040 Tatars 2004

Photography: © Oleksandr Klymenko

A film in development. Following the lives of White Russians and their heirs today.

Shot on location in Russia, Bulgaria and Belgium.

Published in Red Square